What Is the Statute of Limitations for Criminal Charges in Minnesota?

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Statute of Limitations for Criminal Charges

When it comes to criminal cases, prosecutors must file charges within a certain amount of time after a crime has been committed. This time frame is known as the statute of limitations. If prosecutors fail to file charges by this deadline, then they usually cannot take the case to court for trial. However, the statute of limitations varies depending on the crime and evidence:

  • Three-Year Limits: In Minnesota, most misdemeanor crimes have a three-year statute of limitations. Some felonies also have a three-year time limit in Minnesota. Although the default statute of limitations is three years in Minnesota, the law can specify a different time based on the seriousness of the crime.
  • Five-Year Limits: Theft crimes involving stolen goods or services worth more than $35,000 carry a five-year statute of limitations, as well as arson and environmental crimes.
  • Six-Year Limits: Medical assistance fraud, bribery, and bank robberies have a six-year time limit.
  • Nine-Year Limits: Serious crimes like familial sexual abuse and criminal sexual conduct with a minor usually have a nine-year statute of limitations.
  • No Statute of Limitations: Murder and crimes involving human trafficking of a minor do not have a statute of limitations in the state of Minnesota.

Tolling of the Statute of Limitations

When the defendant is not a resident of the state, the statute of limitations doesn’t run so that the individual can’t flee the state to avoid prosecution. The statute of limitations starts running only when the suspect is known, visible, and within the state of Minnesota. This prevents individuals from crossing state lines, evading police, or otherwise concealing themselves to avoid criminal charges. When the individual returns to Minnesota, the clock continues running.

Talk to a Criminal Defense Lawyer About Your Case

At Brockton D. Hunter P.A., we understand what is at stake when our clients face criminal charges. That is why our skilled legal advocates are dedicated to using our extensive resources to provide clients with aggressive criminal defense both in and out of the courtroom. We know that being investigated for or charged with a crime can be overwhelming and stressful, but with our seasoned legal team in your corner, you can feel confident that we will vigorously fight for your rights.

To learn how to fully understand and assert your rights and options under the law, please call (612) 979-1112 today to request a case consultation.